Multikulturalisme Kebudayaan

Multikulturalisme sebagai sebuah ideologi tentang perbedaan dalam kesederajatan memiliki pondasi kebudayaan yang ada dalam masyarakat yang bersangkutan yang terwujud dalam sebuah mozaik dari kebudayaan-kebudayaan yang dipunyai oleh masyarakat multikultural.

Sebagai sebuah ideologi memerankan perbedaan dalam kesederajatan meltikulturalisme.

Sebagai sebuah konsep multikulturalisme dengan masyarakat majemuk (plural society)

Plural Society adalah keanekaragaman suku, bangsa, dan kebudayaan.

Untuk hidup dengan corak masyarakat individu yang mejemuk –>masyarakat Indonesia yang multikultural

Masyarakat majemuk Indonesia

Furnifall (1948)

Mengintroduksi konsep masyarakat majemuk (plural society)–>bahasa kebijakan dan praktek-praktek pemerintah jajahan Burma dan Indonesia sebuah masyarakat majemuk ditandai oleh penduduknya yang secara suku bangsa dan rasial saling berbeda yang hidup dalam satuan satuan kelompoknya masing-masing yang hanya bertemu di pasar.

Ciri-ciri masyarakat jajahan–>produk politik ekonomi

Parsudi Suparlan: bahwa Indonesia –>masyarakat majemuk/Bineka Tunggal Ika–>sebuah masyarakat yang sistem sosial nasionalnya mempersatukan beragam masyarakat-masyarakat suku bangsa dan kebudayaan sebagai sebuah bangsa dalam wadah negara.

Kelanjutan dari modal majemuk zaman penjajahan Hindia Belanda dan pendudukan Jepang.

Modal masyarakat majemuk ini dicoba dilaksanakan oleh pemerintahan presiden Soeharto dengan melarang partai-partai politik dengan kekuatan politik yang didasarkan atas suku bangsa dan kesukuan bangsaan.

Masyarakat multikultural ini distorikan –>zaman Orba–>pemanipulasan SARA hukum nasional serta hukum adat dan berbagai kebijakan sosial, etika politik yang terpusat oleh kepentingan penguasa.

Masyarakat multikultural ini menekankan keanekaragaman suku bangsa dan kebudayaan masing-masing dipersatukan dan diatur secara administratif oleh sistem nasional Indonesia yang berdasarkan Pancasila dan UUD 1945.


Tentang kiopo

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Pos ini dipublikasikan di Anthropology dan tag . Tandai permalink.

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