Lembaga atau pranata social adalah suatu system norma untuk mencapai suatu tujuan atau kegiatan yang oleh masyarakat dianggap penting, atau secara formal sekumpilan kebiasaan dan tata kelakuan yang berkisar pada suatu kegiatan pokok manusia. Tinbul lembaga atau pranata  social dapat diklasifikasikan kedalan 2 cara yaitu secara tidak terencana dan melalui perencanaan yang matang oleh seorang atau sekelompok orang yang memiliki kekuasaan dan wewenang.

Secara umum fungsi pranata social ada 2 macam, yaitu fungsi manifes (nyata) dan fungsi laten.

a)      Fungsi manifes (nyata) adalah fungsi lembaga social yang didasari dan menjadi banyak harapan orang. Contohnya lembaga keluarga, berfungsi sebagai tempat sosialisasi dan internalisasi nilai-nilai dan norma-norma yang berlaku dalam masyarakat.

b)      Fungsi laten adalah fungus lembaga social yang tidak disadari dan bukan menjadi tujuan utama banyak orang. Dengan kata lain fungsi laten  adalah fungsi yang tidak tampak dopermukaan dan tidak diharapkan banyak orang, tetapi ada. Contohnya dalam lenbaga keluarga, perkawinan dijadikan untuk menutup rasa malu dari anggapan yang menyatakan bahwa orang yang tidak menikah berarti tidak laku.

Macam-macam lembaga social antara lain lembaga keluarga, pendidikan, okonomi, politik, dan agama.

Fungsi lembaga keluarga adalah sebagai sarana sosialisasi dan afeksi, reproduksi, ekonomi, pengawasan social, proteksi, serta pemberian status.


Tentang kiopo

newbie blogger
Pos ini dipublikasikan di Sociology dan tag . Tandai permalink.

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