Perubahan sosial

Perubahan sosial merupakan fenomena yang wajar dalam kehidupan bermasyarakat. Hal ini dikarenakan setiap manusia mempunyai kepentingan yang tidak terbatas. Untuk mencapainya, manusia melakukan berbagai perubahan-perubahan. Perubahan tidak hanya semata-mata berarti suatu kemajuan, namun dapat pula berarti suatu kemunduran.

Secara umum, unsur-unsur kemasyarakatan yang mengalami perubahan antara lain nilai-nilai sosial, norma-norma sosial, pola-pola perilaku, organisasi sosial, lembaga-lembaga kemasyarakatan, stratifikasi sosial, kekuasaan, tanggung jawab, kepemimpinan, dan sebagainya, kesemua perubahan ini dinamakan perubahan sosial.Beberapa ahli sosial berusaha mendefinisikan pengertian perubahan sosial sebagai berikut.

1.Selo Soemardjan
Perubahan sosial merupakan perubahan-perubahan yang terjadi pada lembaga-lembaga kemasyarakatan dalam suatu masyarakat yang memengaruhi sistem sosialnya, termasuk nilai, sikap-sikap sosial, dan pola perilaku di antara kelompok-kelompok dalam masyarakat

2.Mac Iver
Perubahan sosial adalah perubahan-perubahan yang terjadi dalam hubungan (social relation), atau perubahan terhadap keseimbangan hubungan social

3.Gillin dan Gillin
Perubahan sosial adalah perubahan yang terjadi sebagai suatu variasi dari cara hidup yang telah diterima karena adanya perubahan kondisi geografi, kebudayaan material, komposisi penduduk, ideologi, maupun adanya difusi atau penemuan penemuan baru dalam masyarakat.

4.Kingsley David
Perubahan sosial merupakan perubahan-perubahan yang terjadi dalam struktur dan fungsi masyarakat.

5.William F. Ogburn
Perubahan sosial adalah perubahan yang mencakup unsur-unsur kebudayaan baik material maupun immaterial yang menekankan adanya pengaruh besar dari unsur-unsur kebudayaan material terhadap unsur-unsur immaterial.
Dapat disimpulkan bahwa perubahan sosial adalah perubahan yang berkenaan dengan kehidupan masyarakat yang termasuk perubahan sistem nilai dan norma sosial, sistem pelapisan sosial, struktur sosial, proses-proses sosial, pola dan tindakan sosial warga masyarakat serta lembaga-lembaga kemasyarakatan


Tentang kiopo

newbie blogger
Pos ini dipublikasikan di Sociology dan tag . Tandai permalink.

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